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Background

The unprecedented decrease in mortality that began to accelerate in the more developed parts of the world in the nineteenth century and expanded to all the world in the twentieth century is one of the major achievements of humanity. By one estimate, life expectancy at birth increased from 30 to 67 years between 1800 and 2005, leading to a rapid growth of the population: from 1 billion in 1810 to over 7 billion in 2012.

The Population Division collaborates closely with the agencies, funds, programmes and bodies of the United Nations system in the implementation of the work programme on population and in the follow-up to the International Conference on Population and Development. United Nations missions, national Government offices, United Nations offices, researchers, media representatives and the public regularly consult the Population Division regarding population estimates and projections, and information and analyses on population and development issues.

At its thirty-eighth session (E/2007/24), the Statistical Commission requested the United Nations Statistics Division and other international agencies to increase their technical assistance to national statistical offices in order to strengthen national capacity for the implementation of the 2010 World Programme on Population and Housing Censuses. In addition, the Commission requested countries to begin implementation of the revised Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses.

UNFPA works with many partners, both within and outside the United Nations system, including Governments, non-governmental organizations, civil society, faith-based organizations, religious leaders and others, to achieve its mission. To better respond to local needs, UNFPA increasingly devotes resources to country-led efforts, placing emphasis on country-focused and country-led implementation to achieve improved results, at the same time addressing mutual accountability and strengthening harmonization and alignment.

Themes of Past World Population

Day 2013 - Focus is on Adolescent Pregnancy

2012 - Universal Access to Reproductive Health Services

2011 - 7 Billion Actions

2010 - Be Counted: Say What You Need

2009 - Fight Poverty: Educate Girls

2008 - Plan Your Family, Plan Your Future

2007 - Men at Work

2006 - Being Young is Tough

2005 - Equality Empowers

2004 - ICPD at 10

2003 - 1,000,000,000 adolescents

2014 Theme: Investing in Young People

As the world population edged to 7 billion people in 2011 (up from 2.5 billion in 1950), it has had profound implications for development. A world of 7 billion is both a challenge and an opportunity with implications on sustainability, urbanization, access to health services and youth empowerment.

In 1989, in its decision 89/46, the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme recommended that, in order to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues in the context of overall development plans and programmes and the need to find solutions for these issues, 11 July should be observed by the international community as World Population Day. 

Today’s 1.8 billion young people are shaping social and economic realities, challenging norms and values, and building the foundation of the world’s future. Yet too many young people continue to grapple with poverty, inequality and human rights violations that prevent them from reaching their personal and collective potential.

On 2014 World Population Day, we call for investments in support of the largest-ever generation of youth. 

Facts about the global population

  • As of 1 January 2014, the world's population was estimated to be 7,137,661,030, and increases by 2.3 people every second.
  • The total number of people who have ever lived has been estimated by the Population Bureau to be around 108 billion.
  • The world population is estimated to have reached one billion in 1804, with two, three and four billion in 1927, 1960 and 1974 respectively.
  • These figures mean that about one fifteenth of all the people who have ever lived are alive today.
  • Vatican City (800) and Nauru (9,378) are the states with the lowest populations.
  • 30% of the world's population generally eat with chopsticks.
  • China, India, USA, Indonesia, Pakistan and Brazil account for half the world's people. More than one in three people are Chinese or Indian.

What are the risks of overpopulation?

Food: Every day, 25,000 people die of malnutrition and hunger-related diseases, of which around 18,000 are under the age of five. Food production and distribution is stretched as the population increases to an unsustainable level.

Water shortages: One billion people across the globe lack access to sufficient water for consumption, sanitation and agriculture, as aquifers are depleted faster than they can be replenished and glaciers melt.

Oil and gas: There is a finite amount of fossil fuels and it is being used up at an incredible rate. The concept "Peak Oil" means that in the future, perhaps between 2015 and 2020, world oil production will max out and then start to decline.

Air quality: Childhood asthma rates have risen in the past two decades, as the population grows and the number of factories and cars increase. Those in undeveloped countries are also at risks, where people depend on burning wood and dung for cooking and heat.

Ozone Layer: Chemicals from human industries, such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), destroy ozone. Some of the most dangerous CFCs have been banned in many countries, but their long-lasting nature means they continue to deplete the ozone layer. Currently, the layer is being destroyed at a rate of about 4% per decade.

Overcrowding: Tightly-packed housing or the sharing of a home between too many people can lead to problems with hygiene, violence, congestion, unemployment, air pollution, social problems and tension. There is an increased risk of the spread of infectious diseases.

Conflicts and Wars: Some of the most brutal and persistent conflicts and wars of the past decades have been driven by overpopulation and disputes over resources. The 1994 Rwandan genocide, the mass slaughter of Tutsi and moderate Hutu by members of the Hutu majority, was partly influenced by environmental factors to do with overpopulation - such as land pressure and unsustainable agricultural practices.

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Comment by +║Mr.He║™ on July 26, 2014 at 2:37am

is population day ka kia fiada howa g population to world ke roz ba roz barti ja rai raly.............! 

Comment by Yasmeen(S.admin) on July 19, 2014 at 8:53pm

ehsas hua h china ko isleay to 2 bachon ki ijazat di h aub

Comment by Aziim on July 17, 2014 at 12:22am

Aik din aaie ga aur bht jald aaie ga...Jb chaina ko feel ho ga k uss nai birth rate control kr k bht bari galti ki thi.......

Comment by mubashir ali on July 15, 2014 at 1:23pm

Nice information

Comment by Aziim on July 14, 2014 at 9:05am

Yeah batain jhoti batain hain....Yeah logon nai phailaie hain.....

tm insha g ka naam na loo ....kia insha g sodaie hain.....

Agr population itni hi buri cheez hoti to aaj canada, austrlia, new zeland, aur b bht sai countries even USA immigration krwane ki offers naa kr rahaie hotie hm bechare pakistanies ko..... Zara sochie.......


STUDY ADMIN
Comment by +*PŔĨŃČĔŚŚ*+ on July 13, 2014 at 8:10pm

informative.....


STUDY ADMIN
Comment by + AwAis... on July 13, 2014 at 12:43pm

infrmative


STUDY ADMIN
Comment by + AwAis... on July 13, 2014 at 12:43pm

nyc shring..


STUDY ADMIN
Comment by Bella ♥(๏̯͡๏✿) on July 13, 2014 at 12:01pm

informative


BS(CS)
Comment by Maryam on July 12, 2014 at 1:24pm

Nice information

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