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13th OCTOBER International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction

The International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR) encourages every citizen and government to take part in building more disaster resilient communities and nations.

The United Nations General Assembly designated October 13th as the International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction as part of its proclamation of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction.

In 2002, by a further resolution, the General Assembly decided to maintain the annual observance as a vehicle to promote a global culture of natural disaster reduction, including prevention, mitigation and preparedness.

In 2009, the UN General Assembly decided to designate October 13 as the official date and also changed the name to International Day for Disaster Reduction.

"...it is important to recognize that older persons have strengths that can serve the community at large. Their years of experience can help in reducing risks posed by disasters. We should involve them in disaster risk management as well as related planning and decision-making processes."

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

2014 Theme: Resilience is for Life By resolution 44/236 (22 December 1989),

the General Assembly designated the second Wednesday of October International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction. The International Day was to be observed annually during the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, 1990-1999. By resolution 64/200 of 21 December 2009 the General Assembly decided to designate 13 October as the date to commemorate the Day and to change the Day's name to International Day for Disaster Reduction. The objective of the observance is to raise awareness of how people are taking action to reduce their risk to disasters. This year the focus of the International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR) is on older people. The day highlights the need for a more inclusive approach for older people in disaster risk reduction. It recognizes the critical role they can play in better planning and understanding disaster risk, and how they can help with resilience-building in their communities through their experience and knowledge. IDDR 2014 will focus on the contributions of older people now, and also for the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction.

Previous Campaigns

2000: Disaster Prevention, Education and Youth

It is important for future generations, as the leaders of tomorrow, to learn about the long-term aspects of environmental protection and to provide them with the necessary early education for a better understanding of both natural hazards and the way to prevent their disastrous impact on societies.

2001: Countering Disasters, Targeting Vulnerability

Vulnerability is increasing. While no country is entirely safe, poorer countries in particular lack the capacity to and prevent and prepare for disasters. With the urban population of developing countries having reached more than 1.3 billion, people are forced to inhabit disaster-prone areas such as flood plains and deforested lands.

2002: Sustainable mountain development

No community is immune from the threat of natural disasters, but mountain communities are particularly vulnerable. Poor land-use planning, environmental mismanagement, the lack of regulatory mechanisms and other human activities increase the risk that a disaster will occur, and worsen their effects when they do.

2003: Turning the tide...

This theme reminds us, during the International Year of Freshwater, that the task is not just to preserve water resources to sustain life, but also to reduce the capacity of water to take life away. More than 90 per cent of all disasters occurring around the world today are related to water.

2004: Today's disasters for tomorrow's hazards

After a disaster, government authorities, businesses, community groups and individuals should all ask whether appropriate actions were taken to save life and property. All should work together to improve the chain of information and decision-making, so that their communities are better prepared should hazards strike again.

2005: Microfinance and disaster risk reduction

The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and more recently Hurricane Katrina in the United States and the earthquake in Pakistan and India demonstrated that the poor usually suffer most from disasters. Microcredit is a useful tool for poverty reduction, but its potential to reduce the impact of disasters needs to be further explored.

2006: Disaster risk reduction begins at school

Disaster risk reduction is about stronger building codes, sound land use planning, better early warning systems, environmental management and evacuation plans and, above all, education. It is about making communities and individuals aware of their risk to natural hazards and how they can reduce their vulnerability.

2007: Challenging the world's education authorities

Disaster risk reduction is about stronger building codes, sound land use planning, better early warning systems, environmental management and evacuation plans and, above all, education. It is about making communities and individuals aware of their risk to natural hazards and how they can reduce their vulnerability.

2008: Disaster risk reduction is everybody's business

Governments, civil society, international financial institutions and the private sector are urged to step up implementation of the Hyogo Framework. Disaster risk reduction is everybody's business. Only by investing in tangible risk reduction measures can we reduce vulnerability and protect development.

2009: Hospitals Safe from Disasters

Beyond their practical importance, hospitals and health facilities have a unique value as symbols of public well-being. Making them safe from disasters is essential. UNISDR, WHO and the World Bank, marked the International Day by highlighting the campaign dedicated to Hospitals Safe from Disasters.

2010: My City is Getting Ready!

UNISDR is calling on its partners to play a more active role to protect cities against disasters. Earthquakes in Haiti, Chile and New Zealand; floods and heavy rainfalls in Pakistan, Eastern Europe, Mozambique; forest fires in Russia; and volcanic eruptions in Indonesia and Iceland - Cities have never been so at risk.

2011: Making Children and Young People Partners for Disaster Risk Reduction

Repeatedly portrayed as victims of disaster and climate change, children and young people can and should be encouraged to participate in disaster risk reduction and decision making.

2012: Women and Girls: the [in]Visible Force of Resilience

Women and girls are powerful agents of change. They have unique knowledge and skills - crucial when addressing or managing disaster risks. They must participate in poverty reduction, climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction that will shape their future and those of their families and communities.

2013: Living with Disability and Disasters

Persons living with disabilities are among the most excluded in society, and their plight is magnified when a disaster strikes. More often than not, their unique contribution to helping communities prepare for and respond to disasters is also often overlooked.

2014: Resilience is for Life

The world is ageing. This year's day will highlight the need for a more inclusive approach for older people in disaster risk reduction and recognize the critical role they can play in resilience-building through their experience and knowledge.

A MILESTONE IN DISASTER RISK REDUCTION

Requested by the UN General Assembly, UNISDR serves as the coordinating body for the 3rd World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR).

The Conference has been proposed to take place in Sendai, Japan from 14-18 March 2015.

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BS (IT)
Comment by PRINCE ZORRO (ADMIN) on October 15, 2014 at 9:22am

Nice Sharing

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